China and the Global South is a monthly booklet issued by Intellisia Institute, an independent social think tank in Guangzhou, China. The publication has a readership of policy makers, academics, students, and the public who are interested in global affairs. It is published in both Chinese and English, reaching audience around the world and covering topics related to developing countries and global governance.
Green BRI’s Next Step Forward: How can the BRI Support
Africa is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its low adaptive capacity and particular eco-climatic and socio-economic conditions. While infrastructure is the foundation of quality of life that enables society to function daily, Africa faces an infrastructure deficit and risks of overwhelming or damaging infrastructure under extreme climate scenarios. However, climate-resilient infrastructure development is still a relatively new concept in the development industry. Although existing research indicate that the concept of climate-resilient infrastructure has been widely recognized since 2007, frameworks and guidelines on how to practically build and enhance infrastructure resilience to climate change was only realized since 2015 with a limited scope. Reports on mobilizing finance for climate-resilient infrastructure has only been released since 2018. This paper explores what climate-resilient infrastrue is and discusses its prospect in the context of BRI.
China’s Role in Fight against Global Warming in the Lancang-Mekong Region
The Lancang-Mekong River Basin is home to 71.87 million people, who are mainly engaged in agriculture and fishery industries. However, global warming has brought various problems to the Mekong River basin, including water shortages, food security, rising sea levels, posing serious threats to local economic development and social stability. At the same time, although the hydropower stations built by upstream countries can help decrease carbon emissions in the energy structure, they have also brought about national security concerns to downstream countries, especially regarding dam water management upstream. In this regard, on the one hand, the Mekong countries hope to incorporate the Mekong issue into the ASEAN framework, but on the other hand they are also actively cooperating with China to deal with this common crisis. In recent years, as the political situation of the five countries on the lower Mekong River relatively stabilized, China has actively promoted the institutionalization of Lancang-Mekong cooperation by sharing hydrological information with the downstream countries, and adjusting the amount of water and electricity accordingly in the event of a drought. China and the Mekong countries are also working together in coping against global warming by exploring other alternative new energy options, and improving food production and water resource technologies.
Mobile Payment in Africa: the Industry, and its Social Impacts
新冠疫情席卷的当下，为了减少人与人之间的接触，非洲各国政府相继扶持移动支付的发展。肯尼亚最大的电信商Safaricom与本国央行合作，宣布取消所有额度低于10美金的个人交易手续费；加纳央行则宣布取消所有低于18美金交易的手续费，并将移动钱包开放给所有注册了手机的公民。 1同时，埃森哲在报告中也表示，新冠疫情对支付方式产生的变化中，其中一项便是加速电子钱包的发展。2 一系列支持移动支付发展的新政策看似是非洲各国抓住发展新赛道的关键机会，然而，非洲的移动支付市场早已进入世界领先的发展阶段，用户增长量仅在亚洲之后，是全球拥有最多移动账户的大陆。
When the pandemic hit African countries, to reduce contacts between people, African governments increased support of mobile payment. Kenya’s largest telecommunications company, Safaricom, has cooperated with Kenya’s central bank and announced the cancellation of all personal transaction fees below US$10. Meanwhile, the Central Bank of Ghana announced the cancellation of all transaction fees below US$18 and allowed all citizens with registered mobile phone to open their digital wallet accounts. At the same time, Accenture also stated in the report that one of the changes that the pandemic brings is the accelerated development of digital wallets. It may seem like African countries are seizing opportunities in a new industry through a series of policies to support the development of mobile payment. However, Africa is already leading mobile payment development, and its user growth is only behind Asia, with the most mobile accounts around the world.
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