Pacific : BOE Declaration & Action Plan

PIF – September 5, 2018

Download here full BOE DOCUMENT ACTION PLAN.

Forum Leaders: Recognising and reaffirming our endorsement of the Biketawa Declaration in the year 2000 and recalling the principles underpinning the Biketawa Declaration such as commitment to good governance, belief in the liberty of the individual under the law, upholding democratic processes and institutions and recognising the vulnerability of member countries to threats to their security;Recalling our vision and values for the Pacific under the Framework for Pacific Regionalism, as a region of ‘peace, harmony, security, social inclusion and prosperity so that all Pacific people can lead free, healthy and productive lives’;
Recognising our endorsement of the ‘Blue Pacific’ identity to drive collective action in support of our vision under the Framework for Pacific Regionalism;
Recalling our agreement at the 48th Forum Leaders’ Meeting in Apia, Samoa, to build on the Biketawa Declaration and other Forum related security declarations and agreements as the foundation for strategic future regional responses;
Recognising the importance we placed on an expanded concept of security inclusive of human security, humanitarian assistance, prioritising environmental security, and regional cooperation in building resilience to disasters and climate change, including through regional cooperation and support;
Respecting the principle of non-interference in the domestic affairs of Forum Members; and; Recognising the need to strengthen regional security cooperation and collective action through the assertion of Our Will and the voices of Our Pacific Peoples.


  1. (i)  We reaffirm that climate change remains the single greatest threat to the livelihoods, security and wellbeing of the peoples of the Pacific and our commitment to progress the implementation of the Paris Agreement;
  2. (ii)  We recognise an increasingly complex regional security environment driven by multifaceted security challenges , and a dynamic geopolitical environment leading to an increasingly crowded and complex region;
  3. (iii)  We affirm our stewardship of the Blue Pacific and aspire to strengthen and enhance our capacity to pursue our collective security interests given our responsibility to sustain our Pacific peoples and our resources;
  1. (iv)  We respect and assert the sovereign right of every Member to conduct its national affairs free of external interference and coercion;
  2. (v)  We reaffirm the right of Members to individually and collectively address security issues and concerns;
  3. (vi)  We reaffirm the importance of the rules-based international order founded on the UN Charter, adherence to relevant international law and resolution of international disputes by peaceful means;
  4. (vii)  We affirm an expanded concept of security which addresses the wide range of security issues in the region, both traditional and non-traditional, with an increasing emphasis on:
    1. Human Security, including humanitarian assistance, to protect the rights, health and prosperity of Pacific people;
    2. Environmental and resource security;
    3. Transnational crime; and,
    4. Cybersecurity, to maximise protections and opportunities for Pacific infrastructureand peoples in the digital age.
  5. (viii)  We recognise that national security impacts on regional security, and therefore commit to strengthening our respective national security approaches by:
    1. developing our national security strategies; and,
    2. strengthening national security capacity including through training.
  6. (ix)  We commit to strengthening the existing regional security architecture inclusive of regional law enforcement secretariats and regional organisations to:
    1. account for the expanded concept of security;
    2. identify and address emerging security challenges;
    3. improve coordination among existing security mechanisms;
    4. facilitate open dialogue and strengthened information sharing;
    5. further develop early warning mechanisms;
    6. support implementation;
    7. promote regional security analysis, assessment and advice; and,
    8. engage and cooperate, where appropriate, with international organisations,partners and other relevant stakeholders.
  7. (x)  We commit to continuing regular Leaders level discussions on the expanded concept of security as part of securing our Blue Pacific.

Download here full BOE DOCUMENT ACTION PLAN.


Pacific Island Forum Leaders have long recognized that security and stability underpin
sustainable development and economic growth.
Its first security mechanism, the Rarotonga Treaty signed in 1985 ensured that the South
Pacific remained a nuclear free zone. Since then, a number of security declarations have been made by Forum Leaders addressing a range of issues from transnational crime through the Honiara Declaration; regional security cooperation through the Aitutaki Declaration; good governance, rule of law, preventive diplomacy and regional response through the Biketawa Declaration; and, combatting terrorism through the Nasonini Declaration.
In 2017, the Forum Leaders on the recommendation of the Forum Foreign Ministers Meeting, agreed to build on the Biketawa Declaration and other Forum security related declarations as a foundation for strategic future regional responses, recognising the importance of an expanded concept of security inclusive of human security, humanitarian assistance, prioritising environmental security, and regional cooperation in building resilience to disasters and climate change.
Additionally, Forum Leaders desired to maintain the momentum on regional security
cooperation by leveraging the lessons learned around regional security cooperation from the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI).
As a result, the Boe Declaration was developed and subsequently endorsed by Forum
Leaders in Nauru,2018. The Boe Declaration accounts for geopolitical shifts and the need
to ensure the collective voice of the Blue Pacific is heard. It reaffirms the need for greater
cooperation by all parties to ensure regional security and calls for the strengthening of
national security approaches recognising that secure domestic environments are the building blocks for collective security across our Blue Pacific.
Further to this, Forum Leaders in 2019 meeting in Tuvalu, endorsed the Boe Declaration
Action Plan. The Action Plan gives a broad framework to aid Members in the implementation of the Boe Declaration on Regional Security. It sets out to ‘positively and proactively’ shape our regional security environment by progressing specific, achievable, and targeted activities under the relevant strategic focus areas prioritised under the Boe Declaration on Regional Security. It will be supplemented by a rolling (organic) activity matrix with activities to be reviewed by Forum Members on an annual basis through the newly established Forum Officials Sub-Committee on Regional Security (FSRS).
This Action Plan provides a strategic tool that details the Blue Pacifics’ regional security
priorities, strategies to address these priorities and national efforts which can be undertaken by Forum Members in support of these regional priorities. Additionally, the Action Plan will provide the basis for strategic engagement with Forum Dialogue partners, international organisations, civil society and the private sector in areas of mutual interest.
It is my fervent hope that the Action Plan will provide the basis for our collective efforts in enhancing safety, security and stability across our Blue Pacific!

Dame Meg Taylor


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