Japan : Diplomatic Bluebook Diplomatic Bluebook 2017

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan – 2017

Preface to the Diplomatic Bluebook 2017

The year 2016 was a very important year for Japanese diplomacy with serious responsibilities. As the G7 Presidency, Japan hosted the Iseshima Summit (May) and the Hiroshima Foreign Ministers’ Meeting (April), then the Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI) was held in Kenya, first ever held in Africa in August. Moreover, Japan became a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the first time in five years, contributing proactively to a variety of discussions on issues of international peace and stability such as the North Korea issue.

With regard to Japan-United States (U.S.) relations, President Obama visited the bombsite of Hiroshima for the first time as a sitting U.S. president in May, making it a historical event in terms of revitalizing international momentum for realizing a world free of nuclear weapons. At the same time, the visit symbolized the strength of the Japan-U.S. Alliance, as an “Alliance of Hope.” Moreover, Prime Minister Abe’s visit to Pearl Harbor of Hawaii, in December, demonstrated strongly the power of Japan-U.S. reconciliation to the international community.

Furthermore, in relations with neighboring countries, an important step was taken toward the conclusion of a Japan-Russia peace treaty with President Putin’s visit to Japan in December.

Chapter 1 of the Diplomatic Bluebook 2017 takes a brief look at the international situation surrounding Japan and Japan’s diplomacy, Chapter 2 examines Japan’s foreign policy that takes a Panoramic Perspective of the World Map, and Chapter 3 focuses on Japan’s foreign policy to promote national and worldwide interests. Chapter 4, entitled “Japan’s Diplomacy Open to the Public,” explains the efforts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to support Japanese society and people in deepening ties with the world, the enhancement of the diplomacy implementation structure, and the efforts for ensuring the safety of Japanese people overseas. Commentaries have been utilized together with charts and maps to aid readers’ understanding, and themed “special features” and “columns” conveying voices from the diplomatic front lines are provided to make readers feel familiar with diplomacy.

For Japan to pursue vigorous diplomacy, it is an absolute necessity for us to gain the understanding and cooperation of all citizens. We sincerely hope that this Diplomatic Bluebook will help every one of you deepen your understanding of Japan’s latest foreign policy and international affairs, and that it will provide an opportunity to disseminate the “right image” of a Japan working hard to address global issues, in order to ensure the peace and prosperity of the world.

June 2017

Fumio Kishida
Minister for Foreign Affaires Fumio Kishida

In principle, this Diplomatic Bluebook 2017 describes an overview of the international situations and Japan’s diplomatic activities between January 1 and December 31 of 2016; however, some important events that occurred through beginning of March 2017 are also included.

In this book we have tried to provide plain and easy-to-understand explanations that anyone would find easy to read. Some articles in columns were contributed by prominent persons who are internationally successful and others concerning activities which the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) particularly put a strong effort in 2016.

Key speeches, communiques, and statistics which were listed in the Diplomatic Bluebook until 2002 are available on the MOFA website at http://www.mofa.go.jp/index.html. You will find an electronic version of this book and back numbers of Diplomatic Bluebook at http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/index.html.

For more details with respect to Chapter 3, Section 1, “4. Disarmament, Non-proliferation, and the Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy,” and Chapter 3, Section 2, “Japan’s International Cooperation,” please refer to the MOFA’s publications, “Japan’s Efforts on Disarmament and Non-proliferation,” and “White Paper on Development Cooperation/Japan’s ODA White Paper.” These documents are also available on the MOFA website at http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/report.html.

Please note that the titles of persons and names of countries appearing in this book are those as of 2016.

Contents

Preface to the Diplomatic Bluebook 2017

Chapter 1 International Situation and Japan's Diplomacy in 2016

1.Overview of the International Situation

2.Japan’s diplomacy

Chapter 2 Japan's Foreign Policy that Takes a Panoramic Perspective of the World Map

Section 1 Asia and Oceania

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1.Korean Peninsula

2.China / Mongolia, etc.

3.Southeast Asia

4.South Asia

5.Oceania

6.Regional and Inter-Regional Cooperation

Section 2 North America

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1.United States

2.Canada

Section 3 Latin America and the Caribbean

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1.Strengthening Relations and Cooperating with Latin America and the Caribbean Countries

2.Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean Region

Section 4 Europe

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1.Regional Situation

2.European Regional Organizations and the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)

Section 5 Russia, Central Asia and Caucasia

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1.Russia

2.Central Asian and Caucasian Countries

Section 6 The Middle East and North Africa

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1.Iraq

2.Syria

3.Iran

4.Afghanistan

5.Middle East Peace Process

6.Countries in the Middle East and North Africa

Section 7 Sub-Saharan Africa

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1.Holding the Sixth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD VI)

2.Situation of Sub-Saharan Africa and Japan’s efforts

Chapter 3 Japan's Foreign Policy to Promote National and Worldwide Interests

Section 1 Efforts for Peace and Stability of Japan and the International Community

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1.National Security Initiatives

2.Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements

3.Global Security

4.Disarmament, Non-proliferation and the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy

5.Japan’s Efforts at the United Nations (UN)

6.The Rule of Law in the International Community

7.Human Rights

8.Women

Section 2 Japan’s International Cooperation (Development Cooperation and Response to Global Issues)

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1.Development Cooperation (ODA, etc.)

2.Response to Global Issues

3.Science and Technology Diplomacy

Section 3 Economic Diplomacy

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1.Rule-Making to Bolster Free and Open Global Economic Systems

2.Support for Japanese Companies’ Overseas Business Expansion in Promoting Public and Private Partnerships

3.Promoting Resource Diplomacy along with Foreign Direct Investment in Japan

Section 4 Efforts to Promote Understanding and Trust in Japan

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1.Strategic Communications

2.Cultural Diplomacy

Chapter 4 Japan's Diplomacy Open to the Public

Section 1 Japanese Society and People Deepening Their Ties with the World

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1.Linking the Energy of Foreign Nationals to the Growth of Japan

2.Japanese Taking Active Roles in the International Community

3.Cooperation with Local Government

Section 2 Supporting Japanese Nationals Overseas

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1.Overseas Risks and Safety of Japanese Nationals

2.Consular Service and Assistance for Japanese Living Overseas

3.Cooperation with Emigrants and Japanese Descendants, Nikkei

4.The Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (the Hague Convention) and its Implementation

Section 3 Diplomacy with the Support of the Public

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1.Proactive Communications to the Public

2.Strengthening Foreign Policy Implementation Structure

3.Role of Intellectuals, etc. in Diplomacy

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