Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy (


Table of contents

The Indo-Pacific: A new horizon of opportunity

Global importance of the Indo-Pacific region

The Indo-Pacific region will play a critical role in shaping Canada’s future over the next half-century. Encompassing 40 economies, over four billion people and $47.19 trillion in economic activity, it is the world’s fastest growing-region and home to six of Canada’s top 13 trading partners. The Indo-Pacific region represents significant opportunities for growing the economy here at home, as well as opportunities for Canadian workers and businesses for decades to come.

The Indo-Pacific

The Indo-Pacific comprises 40 countries and economies: Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, the Pacific Island Countries (14), Pakistan, People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Philippines, Republic of Korea (ROK), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor Leste, and Vietnam.

  • 50% of world GDP by 2040
  • 50% of global greenhouse gas emissions
  • 65% of world’s population
  • 67% of world’s Indigenous peoples
  • 37% of the world’s poor
  • 1 in 5 Canadians have family ties to the region
  • PRC, Japan, India, ROK, Australia: 5 of the region’s largest economies
  • US$29.3T combined GDP of top 5 compared to US$17.2T for whole EU-27

The Indo-Pacific is rapidly becoming the global centre of economic dynamism and strategic challenge. Every issue that matters to Canadians—including our national security, economic prosperity, respect for international law, democratic values, public health, protecting our environment, the rights of women and girls and human rights—will be shaped by the relationships Canada and its allies and partners have with Indo-Pacific countries. Our ability to maintain open skies, open trading systems and open societies, as well as to effectively address climate change, will depend in part on what happens over the next several decades in the Indo-Pacific region.


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